James R. Augustine, Ph.D.
University of Michigan & Université de Montréal
PhD: Univ. Alabama at Birmingham
MS: Saint Louis University Graduate School
BA: Millikin University
Dr. Augustine was recently named the Elizabeth Crosby Visiting Professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Michigan (March 2012). He is the sole author of a book on the human brain and spinal cord entitled Human Neuroanatomy published by Academic Press (2008) and is currently working on a new edition of this book for Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. He also serves as the University Ombudsman. Dr. Augustine has had a longstanding interest in the insular lobe in primates including humans including two classic review papers (1985 and 1996). Functionally the insula serves as a visceral sensory area (olfaction and taste), a somatosensory area including pain, a special sensory area for vestibular sensation, an autonomic area, an extrapyramidal motor area, a component of limbic integration cortex, as an area related to language, speech and memory and as an area related to emotion, empathy, and interoception (Augustine, 2008). Clinically the insula (1) plays a role in addiction to smoking, (2) is involved early in Alzheimer’s disease, (3) is an important structure involved in major depression, (4) plays a role in insular seizures characterized by visceral sensory, visceral motor and somatosensory symptoms, and (5) shows consistent abnormalities in both structural and functional neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia.
- Lehman RM, Augustine JR (2012). Evolution and rebirth of functional stereotaxy in the subthalamus. World Neurosurg, Mar 30,[Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID:22465370.
- Augustine JR (2008) Human Neuroanatomy, Academic Press, an imprint of Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-068251-255.
- Steinberg BA, Augustine JR (1997): Behavioral, anatomical, and physiological aspects of recovery of motor function following stroke. Brain Research Reviews 25:125-132.
- Augustine JR (1996): Circuitry and functional aspects of the insular lobe in primates including humans. Brain Research Reviews 22:229-244.
- McDonald AJ, Mascagni F, Augustine JR (1995): Neuropeptide Y and somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the monkey amygdala. Neuroscience 66:959-982.
- Odor DL, Augustine JR (1995) Morphological study of changes in the baboon oviductal epithelium during the menstrual cycle. Microscopy Research and Technique 32:13-28.
- Augustine JR (1985) The insular lobe in primates including humans. Neurol Res 7:2-10.